NABTEB 2019 IRS OBJ AND ESSAY VERIFIED ANSWER
1. Jibril: To deliver the Divine Revelations from Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) to His chosen Messengers from among the prophets (alayhum salam).
2. Mikail: To manage man’s mundane necessities, bring forth rain and oversee the cultivation of crops.
3. Israfil: To blow the Trumpet: once, for the destruction of the universe; and again, for the Resurrection of all accountable beings to face Judgment Day.
4. Izrail: Angel of Death, the most fearsome of them all, who does not delay nor expedite the hour of claiming the soul.
5. Maalik: Guardian of Jahannum (Hell-fire), an unwelcome sight, for the unfortunate and wretched dwellers of the eternal fire.
6. Ridwan: Guardian of Paradise, who welcomes the Prophets (alayhum salam) and the righteous who have been blessed by Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala).
7. Munkar : To question the dead on issues relating to his/her God, prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, religion, belief, deeds, etc. Questioning in the grave.
8. Nakir: To question the dead on issues relating to his/her God, prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, religion, belief, deeds, etc.
9. Raqib: Sits on man’s right shoulder to record his/her good deeds.
10. Atid: Sits on man’s left shoulder to record his/her evil deeds.
1. Prophet Nuh (A.S.);
2. Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.);
3. Prophet Musa (A.S.);
4. Prophet ‘Isa (A.S.); and
5. Prophet Muhammad al-Mustafa (S.A.W.)
It seriously damaged Meccan prestige while strengthening the political position of Muslims in Medina and establishing Islam as a viable force in the Arabian Peninsula . The rise of Islam against the Pagan tribes of
Mecca was a vital development in military history, as well as in the history of religion and society. The Prophet Muhammad was a skilled war leader as well as the founder of a faith, and at Badr his religion was spread by the sword.
The Battle of Badr was a key moment in Muhammad’s armed struggle against Mecca’s pagan tribes. In 622 Muhammad and his followers had emigrated from Mecca to Medina. From his new base Muhammad began raiding Meccan caravan routes. This provoked the Meccan tribes into sending an army to confront Muhammad’s Muslims. When word of a particularly wealthy caravan escorted by Abū Sufyān, head of the Umayyad clan, reached Muhammad, a raiding party of about 300 Muslims, to be led by Muhammad himself, was organized. The battle proper started with an exchange of volleys of arrows, resulting in heavier casualties being suffered by the Meccan army. Muhammad gave the order to charge, throwing stones at his enemies in a traditional Arabic gesture. A number of important Meccan leaders were among those killed, including Muhammad’s main rival, Amr ibn Hisham. The armies involved were not large: fewer than 400 Muslims and around 1,000 Meccan fighters. Despite the superior numbers of the Meccan forces (about 1,000 men), the Muslims scored a complete victory. Those Muslims who fought at Badr became known as the badrīyūn and make up one group of the Companions of the Prophet .
A group of approximately 1,000 Muslim men set out on late Friday from Medina and managed to circle around the Meccan forces. Early the next morning, they took a position on the lower slopes of the hill of Uhud. Shortly before the battle commenced, ‘ Abd-Allah ibn Ubayy (the chief of the Khazraj tribe) and his followers withdrew their support for Muhammad and returned to Medina, with reports suggesting Ibn Ubayy’s discontent with the plan to march out from Medina to meet the Meccans. Ibn Ubayy and his followers would later receive censure in the Qur’an for this act.
Zakat al-mal which means zakat on wealth is a form of alms-giving treated in Islam as a religious obligation or tax, which, by Quranic ranking, is next after prayer (salat) in importance.
The primary objective of Zakat is to elevate the spirit of human being above the material acquisition.Consequently, Islam does not view the zakat payer as a mere of sore of funds,but as a person who always needs purification and cleansing, both spiritually and materially. The prophet (p) summaries this purpose in the ayat ,”sadaqa from hier wealth by which you might purify and cleanse them.
Zakat, when paid out of submission to the commad of Allah ,is a mean of purifying the soul of a Muslim from greed and miserliness.The vices of selfishness and greed must be controlled in order for human beings to elevate their spirits ,to succed in their social realtions in his life ,and gain admittance to paradise .Allah Almighty says, “Truly man is niggardly! (17:100) and “But people are prone to selfish greed.)Zakat is a purifier that trains Muslims to give and spend selflessly .It liberates their souls from the love of wealth and slavery to materials gains and acquisitions.
On top of that, zakat is a mean of training Muslims on virtues of generosity as much as it is a means of purificarion from greed .Being paid in repetitive pattern year after year ,regular zakat as well as zakat al-fitr train Muslims to give and spend for charitable purpose.
(i)Immortality: many practices went on in pre Islamic Arabia which are considered immoral by the standards of Islam which included; idol worship.
(ii)Female infanticide- goes against Islamic teachings on equality and the concept of ummah.
(iii)Drunkenness- goes against Islamic teachings which forbid all alcohol and intoxicants as haram.
(iv)Usury- goes against Islamic teachings that no interests can be charges or received on money to avoid making the rich richer and the poor poorer, goes against the concept of charity and the idea of ummah.
(v)Sexual immortality- goes against the Islamic teaching that although sex is a gift from God to be enjoyed it is only for within marriage.
A child, Muhammad, is born in a merchant family in Mecca. His clan is prosperous and influential, but his father dies before he is born and his mother dies when the boy is only six.
Entrusted to a Bedouin nurse, Muhammad spends much of his childhood among nomads, accompanying the caravans on Arabia’s main trade route through Mecca.
Muhammad’s message is essentially the existence of one God, all-powerful but also merciful, and he freely acknowledges that other prophets – in particular Abraham, Moses and Jesus – have preached the same truth in the past.
The people of Yathrib, a prosperous oasis, welcome Muhammad and his followers. As a result, the move from Mecca in 622 comes to seem the beginning of Islam.
The Muslim era dates from the Hegira – Arabic for ’emigration’, meaning Muhammad’s departure from Mecca. In the Muslim calendar this event marks the beginning of year 1.
Yathrib is renamed Madinat al Nabi, the ‘city of the prophet’, and thus becomes known as Medina. Here Muhammad steadily acquires a stronger following. He is now essentially a religious, political and even military leader rather than a merchant ( Khadija has died in 619).
So Mecca becomes, as it has remained ever since, the holy city of Islam. But Medina is by now where Muhammad and his most trusted followers live. And for the next few decades Medina will be the political centre of the developing Muslim state.
Muhammad lives only two years after the peaceful reconciliation with Mecca. He has no son. His only surviving children are daughters by Khadija, though since her death he has married several younger women, among whom his favourite is A’isha.
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