WAEC 2019 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY VERIFIED ANSWERS
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY ANSWERS
Animal Husbandry OBJ:
1. Save money on local honey
2. Boost your vegetable garden’s production
3. Save money on beeswax
4. Bee Pollen and Propolis are natural remedies
5. Sheer enjoyment and entertainment
1. Honey made locally from your own bees. The benefits of honey are many, starting with the fact that it is an excellent natural sweetener full of nutrients including niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium and zinc. Also, it doesn’t spoil, and can be used for a variety of health benefits, such as soothing coughs, boosting memory, treating wounds, potentially preventing low white blood cell count caused by chemotherapy, relieving seasonal allergies, killing antibiotic-resistant bacteria, providing fuel for the body, and resolving scalp problems and dandruff.
2.Wax, a product of bees. You can utilize the wax made in your hive for candles, cosmetics, creams, lipstick, and lip balm.
3.Pollination. Bees can help make your plants healthy as they pollinate, as well as fruit trees in nearby orchards which helps the local economy!
4. Low maintenance. Bees work hard without much effort from you. Once your hive is up and running, it takes about 30 minutes a week for maintenance, and a bit more time for collecting honey up to twice a year.
5.Rewarding experience. Being part of a natural life process in which honeybees pollinate flowers and plants and create beneficial honey is deeply gratifying!
6.Bee conservation. There are many factors that are killing honeybees, and by keeping your own hives you can help conserve bees and protect their habitat.
1. Buy the Bee
2.choose your hive system
3.gather beekeeping supplies
4.introduce bees to the hive
5.keep your bee healthy and happy
– Use a hybrid or cross bred female.
-Satisfy the nutritional requirements of the sow both in pregnancy and lactation.
-Bring a healthy sow into the farrowing house.
-Achieve good birth weights.
-Ensure each pig receives maximum colostrum at birth.
(1)Separators Dairy Equipment.
(2)Homogenizer Dairy Equipment.
(3)Pasteurizers Dairy Equipment.
(Steps for Pasteurization of milk)
(1)Pour the raw milk into the stainless steel pot.
(2)Slowly heat the milk to 145 degrees Fahrenheit, stirring occasionally
(3)Hold the temperature at 145 F for exactly 30 minutes.
(4)Remove the pot of milk from the heat and place it in a sink or large bowl filled with ice water.
(5)Store pasteurized milk in the refrigerator.
(1)They purchase product in bulk
(2)They provide storage facilities
(3)They provide good transport facilities
(4)They pass information from retailers to producer and vise versa
(1)They make produce readily available to the customers
(2)They provide jobs for many people
(3)They pass information from the consumers to the wholesalers
(4)They give credits to some consumers
(1)The board provides an organised and ready market for various agricultural commodities
(2)it helps to stabilise the prices of farm produce
(3)The board sometimes provides capital to farmers
(1)They stimulate competition in produce marketing by buying produce in bulk
(2)They have close contact with producers
(3)They reduce the inequality of income distribution by selling to members at reduced rate
(i)Coffee brewing machine
(ii)Coffee bean grinding machine
(iv)Bread slicing machine
(i)Zebu cattle are usually red or grey in colour
(ii)They are horned
(iii)They have loose skin
(iv)They have large ears and have a hump above their
(v)This breed is used for its milk, meat and as draft animals
(i)the regulation of body temperature
(iii)Hypocalcaemia (milk fever)
(iv)Ketosis (pregnancy toxaemia)
(v)Mineral deficiencies, including copper, selenium, cobalt and phosphorus
Mouth –> egg hatches –> intestines –> larva
– it’s bites can cause severe irritation
– heavy louse infestation can lead to restlessness
– Emaciation or loss of weight
– the sores may create room for pathogens to attack the animal
– Scratching for the bites results to sores
– heavy louse infestation can cause death
– isolate infected animals
– Avoid overcrowding of animals
– maintain good sanitation
– spray the animal host with insecticides
– Regular dipping of animals in solutions containing ascaricides
Protozoa (Eimeria spp)
– blood stained diarrhoea
– change of litter after some time
– vaccination should be regular
– maintain good sanitary measures
– apply coccidiastat to their drinking water
Artificial pasture refers to an area of land covered with forage grasses and legumes which are deliberately planted by man.
i) extend the growing season of a pasture
ii) increase the organic matter content of the soil over time because of grass root systems
iii) reduce weed encroachment
iv) reduce erosion
v) produce higher yields
vi) improve the palatability
(i) mixed production
(ii) intensive farming systems “landless”
(iii) extensive production system
(I) it includes both agriculture and livestock
(ii)it can be either intensive or extensive.
(iii)it used for exploitation of both irrigated or non-irrigated land and they are common in some parts of America, Europe and Asia.
(i) it is mainly used for livestock.
(ii)it is used to breed pigs, chickens, laying hens, cattle and even fish
(iii)they are common in north America, Europe and Asia and in heavy populated areas in general, where the demand for meat and proteins is very high.
(i)it is used on large non-cultivated land where animals can graze freely
(ii)it is use for cattle, to produce meat and milk, sheep and goats.
(iii)It is more common in Central and South America
(i) Castration reduces male aggression and thereby makes males easier to
(ii) There is a risk of unwanted matings if there are uncastrated males on the farm, other than those required for breeding.
(iii) Due apparently to traditional butchers’ prejudices, castrated male meat is marketed higher than that of uncastrated meats.
(iv) Performance and conversion rates can be itnpr<>ved by castration.
(v) It helps in preventing production of unwanted or undesirable offspring
(i) The cheaper methods of castration; which the farmer can do himself,require a degree of skill. With such methods there is a risk of infection.
(ii) The alternative, of calling in a veterinary surgeon, adds to costs.
(iii) Castration involves somne time.
DRAW & LABEL PARTS OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF A DOMESTIC FOWL
Categories: WAECFeel Free To Drop Your Comments Below